What is the Foley credit in film making?
“Foley” is the reproduction of everyday sounds for use in film making. These reproduced sounds can be anything from the swishing of clothing and footsteps to squeaky doors and breaking glass. The best Foley art is so well integrated into a film that it goes unnoticed by the audience, yet helps to create a sense of reality within a scene. Without these subtle, crucial background noises the movie would feel unnaturally quiet and uncomfortable.
Jack Foley began what is now known as Foley art. He had started working with Universal Studios in 1914, during the silent movie era. When Universal needed to get on the “talkies” band wagon, in 1927, Foley became part of the sound crew. Because the microphones used for filming could not pick up more than dialogue, other sounds had to be added in after the film was shot. Foley and his small crew would project the film on a screen while recording a single track of audio that would capture their live sound effects in real time. Their timing had to be perfect so that footsteps and closing doors would sync with the actors motions in the film.
Much of Foley’s methods are still employed today though today sounds do not have to be recorded live on a single track of audio. They can be captured, or electronically produced, on individual tracks and then precisely synced with their visual counterpart.